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The Romans, probably. In Villa Romana del Casale, a Roman villa (4th century) located about 5 km outside the town of Piazza Armerina, Sicily, southern Italy, was excavated a mosaic on the floor of the room dubbed the “Chamber of the Ten Maidens” (Sala delle Dieci Ragazze). Informally called “the bikini girls”, the maidens appear in a mosaic artwork which scholars named Coronation of the Winner. The young women perform sports including weight-lifting, discus throwing, running and ball-games. The Villa Romana del Casale contains the richest, largest and most complex collection of Roman mosaics in the world.

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Who invented the bikini ?