Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Canada China Czech Republic Denmark Egypt Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hong Kong Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan London Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Paris Poland Portugal Rome Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

The Dome of the Rock is one of the holiest sites in Islam, located on one of the holiest site in Judaism and Christianity, on the Temple Mount, where stood the Second Jewish Temple before being destroyed by the Roman army in 70 CE. After the Islamic invasion of the Byzantine Empire, The Dome of the Rock was erected between 685 and 691 CE, on the Fondation Rock: according to Islamic tradition, the rock is the spot from where Muhammad ascended to Heaven accompanied by the angel Gabriel; in Judaism, it is considered as the holiest spot on Earth, the site of the Holy of Holies during the Temple Period. The Dome of the Rock itself was long believed by Christians and Jews to echo the architecture of the Temple at Jerusalem, as can be seen in Raphael’s The Marriage of the Virgin.


# # #

What stood before the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem ?