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SPQR, the motto of the city of Rome, is an initialism (Latin dictionaries classify it as a formula) from a Latin phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus (“The Senate and the People of Rome”), referring to the government of the ancient Roman Republic, and used as an official signature of the government. It appears on many of the Rome’s civic buildings, public fountains, and manhole covers.

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What is the meaning of SPQR ?