On the Atlantic coast, in south-western France, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine region.
1854: Biarritz became renowned when Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III, built a palace on the beach, now the Hôtel du Palais.
1957: The American Peter Viertel, Deborah Kerr husband, the first surfer in Biarritz.
1993: The first annual Biarritz Surf Festival, one of the premier surf events in Europe and longboarding events in the world.
Today: In July, surfers from all over the world for the annual Biarritz Surf Festival and for the magnificent beaches, golf courses and numerous sporting facilities.