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Colosseum: The largest structure left to us by Roman antiquity. Was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles.
Vatican Museums: Highlights: The Sistine Chapel, Early Christian Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus and Dogmatic sarcophagus, Gallery of Maps, Borgia Apartment, the majestic Entombment (Caravaggio), Saint Jerome (Leonardo da Vinci), red marble papal throne, Raphael Rooms, Works by Fra Angelico, Giotto, Raphael, Nicolas Poussin and Titian…
Piazza Navona: One of the city’s best known squares.
Roman Forum: Was the political and economical centre of Rome during the Republic.
Pantheon: Commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome.
Trevi Fountain: The largest Baroque fountain in the city.
Villa Farnesina: A Renaissance villa decorated by famous artists. Best known are Raphael’s frescoes.
Spanish Steps and Piazza di Spagna: The longest and widest staircase in Europe (138 stairs).
Campidoglio (Capitoline Hill): Religious and political center of the city since its foundation. Now housing the Capitoline Museums.
Palatine Hill: Associated with the legend of the foundation of the city.
St. Peter’s Basilica: One of the holiest Christian sites. Famous works in the church: The Pietà by Michelangelo, the papal altar, the Throne of St. Peter by Bernini and the Monument to the Stuarts by Canova.
Galleria Borghese: One of Rome’s top art museums. In the former Villa Borghese Pinciana. Famous 320-30 AD mosaic of gladiators, sculptures by Bernini and Canova, works of Caravaggio, Titian, Raphael, Rubens, Corregio, Dürer, Cranach…
Santa Maria Maggiore: One of the best-preserved Basilica. Highlights: the 5th-century mosaics, the Athenian marble columns, the high altar, the medieval bell tower, the Bethlehem crypt, beautiful coffered ceiling, Bernini’s statue of St Cajetan, frescos by Guido Reni, the Pauline Chapel and Sistine Chapel.
And Theater of Marcellus, Baths of Caracalla, Castel Sant’Angelo (or Mausoleum of Hadrian), Piazza del Popolo, Trastevere (Rione XIII of Rome, one of Rome’s most charming areas), Arch of Constantine, Domus Aurea (a large landscaped portico villa in the heart of Ancient Rome), Trajan’s Column (famous for its spiral bas relief), National Museum of Rome (a set of museums in the city), Appian Way (once one of the world’s most important roads), San Giovanni in Laterano (Rome’s first church. Highlights: front façade, baldacchino, enormous statues of the twelve apostles, six papal tombs, the cloister with its columns and mosaics, baptistery)…
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